For authors

Instruction to authors

I. General information
Annals of Postgraduate Medical Science (ANPOMES) is a peer-reviewed, open access journal provides a forum for the exchange of information about new and significant research in medicine throughout the world. Original papers in line with the themes and objective of our Journal are accepted on the understanding that the material is not considered for publication elsewhere.
Our Journal accept articles only in English.

Submission procedure
All papers should be submitted and will be processed electronically via Editorial System (available from Annals of Postgraduate Medical Science website: New users should first create an account. All author must have an account created in ORCID
The corresponding author or the person who submits the article will provide separate files with Manuscripts, Tables, Photos, Figures. All papers which have been qualified as relevant with the scope of our Journal are reviewed.

The types of the accepted articles published by the Annals of Postgraduate Medical Science:

Original scientific article (no more than 12 pages)
Provides the results of original laboratory and/or clinical research. Components indicated by a checkmark below should appear in the order they are presented here (ie. title page, abstract, manuscript text, acknowledgment, references, figure legends, tables, figures) Word Limit: 2500 words (not including title page and references) and 25 references. Exceptions allowed under special circumstances. Original articles have a limit of 10 authors.

Reviews articles (no longer than 15 pages)
Manuscript that provides a review of previously published literature. The manuscript should range between 3000 and 5000 words (not including title page, abstract, tables, figures, and references) and 50 references. An unstructured abstract of up to 300 words and 3–5 key words are required. Review articles have a limit of 6 authors. Up to 5 tables/figures are permitted.

Case report (no longer than 8 pages)
The general aim and key assumptions of the case reports is (one or more):

  • presents an important best practice teaching message, provide new ideas to medicine or other medical science by a rapid and short communication
  • shed a new light on the known aspects; unexcepted association between sign and symptoms, diseases or treatment
  • the management of novel or uncommon diseases, uncommon masquerading as something more common
  • present a new outcome or results of the current treatment, discover a different pathogenesis, etiological factors
  • present a new outcome or results of the current treatment, discover a different pathogenesis, etiological factors
  • rare, nonspecific symptoms and medical complaints
  • some unusual observations
  • adverse response to treatment
  • present a new theory or confirm the current guidelines/theories
  • procedures which demonstrated the appropriate use of an important clinical guidelines or systematic review

Case report should be basis on guidelines or systematic review and described in the most useful which provide the best source of clinical knowledge. Word limit: 2500 words. (not including title page and references) and 15 references.

Clinical cases presented in series
The Journal also allows clinical cases presented by series contains more than one medical case.
The main information and guidelines of clinical Case Report presented in series:

  • all clinical case presented by this way should contain the same key points described in other cases belong to the set cases
  • each reported case will be analysed and reviewed separately
  • every reported belongs to the cases series must contain all the required information and constructed based on the Journal’s guidelines

Letters to the editor (no more than 1 pages)
Letters to the editor comment on an article published in the Annals of Postgraduate Medical Science within the preceding 6 months. The authors of the original publication will be invited to respond. The manuscript, both for the Letter and the authors’ reply, should not exceed 750 words (not including the title page and references) and 5 references. Letters to the editor may also discuss current clinical trials of key practical importance or any controversial issues pertaining to the field of medicine (and internal medicine in particular). In such case, the manuscript should not exceed 1500 words (not including title page and references) and 15 references. It may contain 1 table or figure. All Letters to the editor have a limit of 6 authors. An abstract is not required.

Editorial articles (not more than 3 pages).
Editorials contain commentaries on current important clinical studies or scientific issues. Editorials will be solicited by the editors. The manuscript should not exceed 1500 words (not including title page and references) and 15 references. An abstract and keywords are not required.

III. Submission checklist
You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details. Ensure that the following items are present:

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address

All necessary files have been uploaded:
  1. Manuscript:
    • Include keywords
    • All figures (include relevant captions),
    • All tables (including titles, description, footnotes),
    • Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided,
    • Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print
    • Graphical Abstracts / Highlights files (where applicable), Supplemental files (where applicable),

  2. Further considerations
    • Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'
    • All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
    • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)
    • A competing interests statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare
    • Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed
    • Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements

You can make a choice what kind of file do you prefer –WORD or PDF.

IV. Article structure
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods
Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.

Case history
Differential diagnosis, plan of treatment, examinations, observations

A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.

Results should be clear and concise.

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results
and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

  1. Essential title page information

    • Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
    • Author names and affiliations in the correct order. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names and provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and the e-mail address of each author. Clearly indicate the corresponding author and provide information like: telephone number, postal adress and e-mail.

  1. Abstract

    All manuscript types with the exception of the Letters to the Editors should include a structured abstract, no longer than 300 words, to precede article. Only include acronyms or abbreviations if the phrase appears more than three times in the abstract. The abstract should NOT contain brand names, trademarks or references. Clinical trial registration numbers should be listed last in the abstract. Structure abstract into the following sections

    • Background – Describe the problem that prompted the study
    • Objective – Describe the purpose of the study
    • Methods – Describe how the study was conducted
    • Results – Describe the most important findings
    • Conclusion - Describe the most important conclusion drawn from the study
      A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

  1. Keywords

    Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes
  1. Introduction
    This section should contain brief review focused on the problem of the case. Information presenting in introduction should be supported by current literature and describing the disease which the patients suffering from.
  1. Theory/calculation
    A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
  1. Results
    • Statistical analysis
      P value When any P value is expressed, it should be clear to the reader what parameters and groups were compared, what statistical test was performed, and whether the test was 1-tailed or 2-tailed (if relevant). For P values, the actual value for P should be expressed to 2 digits for P ≥0.01, whether or not P is significant. However, when rounding a P value expressed to 3 digits would make the P value nonsignificant (such as P >0.049 rounded to 0.05), the P value can be left as 3 digits. If P <0.01, it should be expressed to 3 digits. The actual P value should be expressed (P = 0.04), rather than expressing a statement of inequality (P <0.05), unless P <0.001. P values of less than 0.001 should be designated as P <0.001 rather than the exact value, eg, P = 0.00006. Avoid reporting P values simply as not significant (NS).
  1. Case history
    Case history collected date concerning an individual data (patients description) from planned and professional conversation between patients and doctor. It may includes; medical history, signs and symptoms, treatment planning and other information that may be useful to describe the case report.
    The informed consent of the patients is the basis for the manuscript acceptance. All data described in the case report should be properly coded. Personal data and patient identification must be hidden.

  1. Discussion
    All reported cases should contain section which the case will be explained based on data from current literature or guidelines. It’s necessary to confirm the rightness of the case report.
    Discussion should give an answer – why this case is that important and noteworthy?
    At the last part of this section please summarize the main reported problem and make the reference to the current literature.

  1. Conclusion
    Conclusion is plenty important. This section should briefly provide the clarified message contain medical key points for the readers.

  1. Acknowledgment
    General acknowledgments for consultations, statistical analysis and such should be listed at the end of the text before the References. Include full names of individuals.

Text Formatting
Manuscript should be typed double-spaced in a standard font such as Times New Roman, Arial or Courier, in size 12. Text should be written in clear and concise English with proper use of grammar and syntax. Please add line numbers to your text so that reviewers can most accurately direct their feedback.

Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).

Figures and tables
Figures and tables should be submitted in separate files. They should be comprehensible without reference to the text. Self-explanatory legend to all figures should be provided on the last pages of the manuscript under the heading “Legends to figures”. If you want to add some electronic versions of Figures submitted with the manuscript should contain a link to data, so that they can be edited.


11. References
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted or publication.
  • Web references

    • As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

      Reference style
      Text: All citations in the text should refer to:

      • Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
      • Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
      • Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication.
        Examples: "as demonstrated (Szamalek, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1995). Kramer et al. (2000) have recently shown ..."
        List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication. Note that any (consistent) reference style and format may be used: the Publisher will ensure that the correct style for this journal will be introduced for the proof stages, the final print version and the PDF files for electronic distribution.


      • a. Reference to a journal publication:
        Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J., Lupton, R.A., 2000. The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications 163, 51-59.
        b. Reference to a book:
      • b. Reference to a book:
        Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., 1979. The Elements of Style, third ed. Macmillan, New York. Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
        Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 1999. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith, R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281-304.

      Possibility of the author's appeal against the decision
      The author has the opportunity to appeal against the Editor's decision, however the final decision belongs to the Editor-in-Chief.

      After review:
      Paper will normally be published in order of acceptance by the Editors, although this may occasionally be changed for reasons of space, or to publish more quickly particular paper which the Editors consider of topical interest.
      Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author or to the first author and should be returned within two weeks since receipt.
      Your manuscript may be screened for similarity to published materials.

      Authorship form
      Referring to Authorship Responsibility and Acknowledgement, Conflict of Interest and Financial Disclosure, Copyright Transfer, are required for all authors, i.e. Authorship Responsibility and Acknowledgement: Everyone who has made substantial intellectual contributions to the study on which the article is based (for example, to the research question, design, analysis, interpretation, and written description) should be an author. It is dishonest to omit mention of someone who has participated in writing the manuscript (“ghost authorship”) and unfair to omit investigator who have had important engagement with other aspects of the work.

      Conflict of Interest and Financial Disclosure
      Authors are responsible for disclosing financial support from the industry or other conflicts of interest that might bias the interpretation of results
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